Fragrance oils come in two forms: synthetic and natural. Natural oils, or essential oils are drawn from plants, flowers and trees whereas synthetic oils are man made and are formulated based on their natural counterpart.
When it comes to natural and synthetic oils, both have benefits to consider. For natural oils the upside is the seeming effects they have on your well-being. On the other hand, synthetic oils can be formulated to create an infinite number of fragrances giving the customer a much bigger selection and these oils cost significantly less than natural oils.
Salt City Candle Co. works closely with several fragrance houses to formulate unique fragrances that use both synthetic and natural oils. This way we can achieve our goal of providing variety and affordability at the same time.
Candles are generally composed of paraffin wax, beeswax, soy wax or a blend of these. Beeswax and some harder blends of paraffin give the candle a longer life by allowing it to burn longer. Its hard nature allows it to be molded or formed easily and will pull away cleanly from containers, reducing or eliminating the possibility of a ‘bubbling’ effect. Hard wax usually looks marbled or textured. However, because of its hardness, it is unable to hold a high level of fragrance oil. The result is a lighter scented candle whose fragrance rarely or never permeates the home. Also, to reduce or prevent tunneling with hard wax candles, it requires a very heavy wick in order to create enough heat to melt the wax evenly. This in turn creates a greater amount of soot and smoke. Although attractive and easier to mold, harder blends do not perform well.
Paraffin wax ranges from very hard to nearly the consistency of petroleum jelly. Candles manufactured with softer paraffin blends hold high percentages of fragrance but tend to burn quickly, tunnelling down the middle, and are expensive to manufacture.
Candles manufactured by Salt City Candle Co. combine the best of both types of wax. Our waxes are highly refined paraffins, both hard and soft, and a soy blend which includes an additive that helps disperse the intense fragrance as it burns. This enables our product to last a long time and hold an astounding 7–10% of fragrance.
Lead core wicks have been banned in the United States and are nearly impossible to find unless the candle is manufactured internationally. Salt City Candle Co. has never used lead core wicks.
Cotton wicks are popularly believed to be the cleanest burning wick available. However, cotton wicks tend to create more smoke than metal core wicks due to the greater amount of plant fibers that are burned.
Salt City Candle Co. has tested various wick types to find the best match for our wax blend. Heavy wicks will cause the candle to burn more rapidly and create greater amounts of soot and smoke as it burns. Lighter wicks will cause the candle to tunnel and burn itself out because it is unable to heat the wax evenly. Salt City Candle Co. has selected a zinc core wick that produces minimal levels of soot and smoke, and burns evenly from top to bottom, if trimmed properly. The secret to our success is the ability to create a beautiful product which holds maximum levels of fragrance, and lasts longer than most candles on the market today.
The vast majority of our glass is made domestically in the U.S.A. We take great pride in the fact that our glass has been personally designed, giving our products a distinctive look.
The glass itself has been annealed so that it can withstand high temperatures. However, we have always stated that the glass can break under extreme heat caused by direct contact with the flame. The candle needs to be discarded once 1/2 inch of wax remains in the jar. This stipulation is printed on every caution label. If a consumer ignores this and burns it dry, there is the possibility of the jar becoming too hot and cracking the bottom or burning the surface it is on.
Often times, we will bring in unique glass from around the world, such as our hand blown giant pumpkin from Italy, to offer our customers something fun and new. We are always on the look out for that!
How to Care for Your Candle
How to Safely Use Your Candle
Place a burning candle on a stable, heat resistant surface, such as a candle holder or stove top, to avoid furniture damage.
Keep wicks trimmed to ¼ inch. Short, straight wicks help eliminate dripping and uneven burning, which, in turn, reduces smoke.
Extinguish candle using a wick dipper, snuffer, or similar non-flammable instrument, immersing the wick in liquid wax to minimize smoke and avoid wax spatter.
Burn a candle for 3-4 hours at a time to encourage even burning and lengthen burn life. This allows the wax to pool completely across the surface, and the flame will burn a core in the middle of the candle. Your candle will last longer.
Place a burning candle away from windows, vents, or fans where a draft might be present. This will help ensure that light weight, flammable objects do not blow onto the flame. This will also promote even burning, which helps prevent smoke.
Keep the wax pool free of wick trimmings, matches, and debris to ensure a more even burn and help prevent smoke.
Burn candles at least three inches apart so they don’t melt one another or create their own drafts, thus causing poor burning.
Place candle away from direct sunlight or spotlights to prevent colors from fading.
Keep a burning candle within view.
Extinguish candle before leaving the house or going to bed.
Never burn a candle on or near something flammable (books, papers, drapes, etc.).
Avoid burning a candle that has less than ½ inch of wax remaining (2 inches if the candle is not in a glass container). This will help prevent stress on the glass that can cause cracking or breakage.
Keep candles out of reach of children and pets, where candles cannot be touched or tipped over.
Burn candles in a well ventilated space.
Do not touch or move a burning candle or a candle with liquefied wax.
Do not use water to extinguish a candle. This can cause wax spatter or glass breakage.